Friday, August 21, 2020

NATO From Creation to Current Status

NATO From Creation to Current Status Theoretical The paper talks about NATO which is a significant military collusion among European States, the US and Canada. It features the verifiable setting, which prompted the arrangement of NATO. The historical backdrop of the coalition is separated into three significant stages: the Cold War period, the Post Cold War, and the Post 9/11.Advertising We will compose a custom article test on NATO: From Creation to Current Status explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More The paper surveys how NATO rehashed itself following the breakdown of the Soviet Union and set out on a fruitful growth process. The different issues that have confronted the association since its creation are talked about and its future assessed. The paper closes by taking note of that NATO is an applicable security contraption today and still fills in as the best instrument for battling the security dangers of the 21st century. Presentation The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is legitimately v iewed as the universes most impressive military partnership. The association was established in 1949 with the essential target of shielding Western Europe and the US from Soviet animosity. The collusion had the option to effectively accomplish this objective and furthermore guarantee that no military competitions rise in the district. Following the finish of the Cold War, the Soviet danger was killed and the partnership needed to reevaluate itself so as to stay applicable. It did this by growing its job and expanding its enrollment. This paper will decide to give a nitty gritty research of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization with center given to the creation and motivation behind this coalition. A survey of how the association has extended throughout the years and the job it has played will be given to exhibit that NATO is as yet a substantial security mechanical assembly in world today. Sources of NATO A critical result of the World War II was the development of the United State s of America and the Soviet Union as the two world super powers. While these nations had battled as partners in the war, their political contrasts set them in opposition to one another in the after war years. There was worry that the Soviet Union would utilize her significant capacity to impact legislative issues in Europe (Trachtenberg, 1999). The debilitated after war Europe would not have the option to oppose this Soviet danger. The US proposed to help support West Europe’s military ability by the arrangement of a union. NATO, consequently, started as a common guard settlement among ten Western European nations, the US and Canada.Advertising Looking for exposition on history? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These twelve nations marked the Washington Treaty on April 4, 1949 in which they invested in a shared protection agreement (Cornish, 2004). The bargain bound the part states and an assault on any part was to in spire a reaction from all individuals. NATOs history can be isolated into three unmistakable stages: the Cold War time frame, the decade following the finish of the Cold War, and the present stage, which started with the psychological militant assaults on the US on September 11, 2011. Cold War Era At the hour of NATO’s arrangement, the Western Europe was an isolated locale despite everything attempting to recoup from the staggering impacts of the simply finished the World War II. While a Western European guard association would have been liked, the interest of the US was viewed as critical since it was the main nation with enough military may to counter the USSR. Trachtenberg (1999) sees that this collusion was a drawn out American duty to Western Europe’s security. After some time, this settlement transformed into an association with a political committee and normal gatherings being held by the partnered remote and protection clergymen. This change into an undeniable association expanded the impact and quality of the Treaty. In its initial long periods of presence, NATOs job was principally to forestall an assault against the domain of its part nations by the impressive Soviet Union and her partners. Seroka (2007) best verbalizes this point by archiving that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was initially intended to manage an essential danger from global socialism on the European landmass. West Germany joined NATO in 1955 and this reinforced the capacity of the union in Europe since Germany had the labor important to oppose an ordinary intrusion by Soviet powers. This move hastened the arrangement of the Warsaw Pact by the Soviet Union and her East European partners. The unions atomic ability gave by the United States, which filled in as discouragement, was the principle apparatus used to keep an assault from the Soviet Union. In any case, NATO additionally received a system of adaptable reaction and conceived the utilization of traditiona l fighting before taking part in an atomic showdown. All things being equal, Minuto-Rizzo (2007) emphasizes that atomic weapons were at the center of the coalitions technique and atomic discouragement was the rule methods for forestalling a Soviet drove assault on any of the part states. Since the two sides (East and West Europe) knew the expense of an atomic encounter, the utilization of power to progress political points was adequately avoided neglected War Europe.Advertising We will compose a custom exposition test on NATO: From Creation to Current Status explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Post †Cold War Period The finish of the Cold War in 1989 was noteworthy for NATO. Numerous political investigators anticipated that the collusion could be disbanded securely since the principle attacker in Europe had scattered. Moreover, the disintegration of the Warsaw Pact, which had been a collusion of East European countries shaped to counter NATO, had just happ ened. In any case, this didn't occur since NATO part states would not like to dispose of the union as a result of the various focal points they were getting a charge out of in light of their collaboration. Minuto-Rizzo (2007) sees that the transoceanic system that permitted all nations - of all shapes and sizes to make their voices heard, to look for regular arrangements, and to prepare their powers together was too valuable a resource for be wasted (p.3). Numerous part nations of the previous Warsaw Pact additionally communicated enthusiasm for joining NATO so as to appreciate the upsides of the lasting transoceanic system for discussion and collaboration. NATO, accordingly, needed to reorient itself to grasp the recently developing popular governments in Central and Eastern Europe. NATO had the option to grow new key ideas to fuse new individuals and redesign its military structures following the vanishing of the existential danger gave by the Soviet Union (Noetzel Schreer, 2009). It received a strategy of association and opened its entryways for new individuals from Central and Eastern Europe. The partnership likewise started to draw in Russia: a move that was viewed as fundamental to understanding the objectives of a unified Europe. The formation of the Permanent Joint Council (PJC) in 1997 is the most obvious sign of an endeavor to formalize the connection among NATO and Russia. Labarre (2001) confirms that the PJC gave Russia a voice in NATO without precedent for history. The post Cold War time likewise observed NATO without precedent for its history taking part in military activity outside the region of its part nations. This commitment came about as a result of the contentions in the Balkans. NATO offered military help in line with the United Nations and assisted with assuaging the Balkans. The union occupied with the organization of peacekeeping powers in the district to support harmony. Post 9/11 Era The third significant stage in NATOs presence came about after the September 11 psychological oppressor assaults. On September12, 2001, NATO conjured Article 5 of the Washington Treaty, which teaches that, An assault against one is an assault against all. Minuto-Rizzo (2007) sees that 9/11 made it understood to NATO partners that their significant dangers no longer exuded from Europe, as had been the situation during the Cold War. The new dangers originated from outside the mainland as universal fear based oppression, bombing states, and the danger of weapons of mass destruction.Advertising Searching for paper on history? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More The real factors of 9/11 showed to NATO the shortcoming of the conventional topographical way to deal with security that had been used for a considerable length of time. This security approach had been compelling when the potential danger radiated from the Soviet Union. Global fear based oppression couldn't be countered utilizing a similar technique and NATO must be set up to draw in foe powers at their source. NATO Transformation Originally, a local security settlement intended to shield Western Europe from a Soviet danger, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization has reexamined and changed itself into a global security power with missions to battle universal fear based oppression, forestall weapons expansions, and accommodate Europes security (Seroka, p.25). The most recent decade has seen a huge improvement of NATOs military abilities. The NATO Heads of State and Government culmination in Prague, 2002, enunciated the requirement for radical changes in the alliance’s military order structure. This military change started with the foundation of one vital order situated in Europe to supervise all parts of NATOs tasks. Another key order base was set up in the US to propel the military parts of change. While NATO no longer faces the danger that prompted its arrangement (the Soviet Union) it has kept on developing in the years following the breakdown of the USSR. Worldwide psychological oppression has been the most critical issue tended to by NATO. In spite of the way that global fear mongering doesn't present a vital danger to NA

Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Methamphetamine Myths, Effects, Risks, and How to Get Help

Methamphetamine Myths, Effects, Risks, and How to Get Help Addiction Drug Use Meth Print What to Know About Methamphetamine Use By Buddy T facebook twitter Buddy T is an anonymous writer and founding member of the Online Al-Anon Outreach Committee with decades of experience writing about alcoholism. Learn about our editorial policy Buddy T Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on September 02, 2019 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on September 13, 2019 kaarsten  / Getty Images More in Addiction Drug Use Meth Cocaine Heroin Marijuana Ecstasy/MDMA Hallucinogens Opioids Prescription Medications Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery Whether its injected, snorted, or smoked, methamphetamine is a highly addictive drug that affects the brain and central nervous system. Methamphetamine increases levels of the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin which stimulates brain cells, enhancing mood altering levels of energy, alertness and other bodily functions. In the United States, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classifies methamphetamine as a Schedule II substance.?? This means that the drug is illegal when used recreationally and that it has a high potential for misuse, but that there are some restricted medical uses. Also Known As: Some common street names for methamphetamine include meth, crystal, speed, crank, and tweak. Drug Class: Meth is a stimulant drug that increases activity in the central nervous system. Common Side Effects: Meth use can lead to side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, seizures, anxiety, and depression.   How to Recognize Methamphetamine Methamphetamine most often takes the form of a white, crystalline powder. While it is odorless, it has a bitter taste. The powder dissolves easily in water. Crystal meth looks like chips of clear ice. Illegal forms of the drug can be snorted, smoked, injected, or orally ingested. What Does Methamphetamine Do? When methamphetamine is injected or smoked, it immediately produces an intensely pleasurable sensation known as a rush or a flash. It does so by releasing high levels of dopamine in the brain. Snorting methamphetamine produces a euphoric sensation, but not a rush. The effects of methamphetamine are similar to those of other stimulants and include feelings of pleasure, agitation, increased sociability, physical alertness, decreased appetite, low inhibitions, and mental confusion.?? Even when taken in small amounts, methamphetamine can cause increased wakefulness and physical activity. A decreased appetite is also common. What It Feels Like to Be High on Meth What the Experts Say Research published in 2014 found that methamphetamine has neurotoxic effects, leading to damage to the serotonin and dopamine receptors in the brain.??   The long-term use of methamphetamine can cause damage to the brain similar to other conditions that injure the brain. This brain damage lingers for months even after use has stopped. The neurological effects of meth use can be permanent, even after a person quits. Researchers have found that methamphetamine use can lead to a higher risk of Parkinsons disease.?? Methamphetamine misuse can also produce extreme anorexia. Even over a short period of use, methamphetamine can cause drastic changes in physical appearance.?? Brain Recovery After Meth Use Off-Label and Approved Uses In the United States, dextromethamphetamine hydrochloride is an FDA-approved treatment for obesity and ADHD in adults and children. While approved, the FDA cautions that there is a high potential for dependence and its therapeutic benefits tend to be quite limited.?? Methamphetamine is occasionally used off-label in the treatment of sleep disorders such as idiopathic hypersomnia and narcolepsy.?? Common Side Effects Physically, meth can increase respiration, heart rate, and  blood pressure. It can cause hyperthermia and an irregular heartbeat. There is also the potential for cardiovascular collapse.?? Other effects of meth use on the central nervous system can produce symptoms like irritability, confusion, anxiety, paranoia, and aggressiveness. Some users also suffer from prolonged insomnia and tremors.?? Hyperthermia and convulsions can be fatal. Methamphetamine can also cause irreversible damage to the blood vessels in the brain, which can result in a stroke. Why Meth Use Can Lead to Stroke Signs of Use Some of the common signs that someone might be using methamphetamine include:?? Presence of drug paraphernaliaHyperactivityDilated pupilsPoor appetiteSudden weight lossBurns on lips and fingersJerky movements and twitchingSkin sores and scabsChanges in sleep patternsRotten teeth Overdose is another danger associated with methamphetamine use. An overdose results in a rapid onset of physiological deterioration, eventually leading to a heart attack or stroke. Because of the speed of onset, death occurs suddenly and unexpectedly.?? A meth overdose produces profuse sweating, rapid breathing, increased heart rate, and dilated pupils. A person who has overdosed on meth will have a high temperature, kidney failure, and cardiovascular collapse.?? The truly scary part is that it will all happen very quickly. If you suspect that someone has overdosed on methamphetamine, contact emergency services immediately. Myths Common Questions As a result of anti-drug campaigns and popular media, many people have a mental picture of what they think a meth user looks like. Often its an image of someone with rotten teeth who is dirty, gaunt, and scabbed. Pictures of people who have misused meth and have undergone shocking physical changes are graphic and can make for a convincing argument against drug use, but they paint a very narrow picture of who uses meth. In reality, approximately 1.6 million people (0.6% of the U.S. population) reported using methamphetamine in the past year, according to the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Methamphetamine addiction can  affect anyone.?? Tolerance, Dependence, and Withdrawal Methamphetamine has a high risk of tolerance and dependence.?? Tolerance occurs when a person needs to take increasing amounts of the drug in order to achieve the same high they initially experienced. Tolerance to methamphetamine develops quickly.   How Long Does Methamphetamine Stay in Your System? How long meth stays in your system depends upon a variety of factors including metabolism, body mass, and the frequency of use. It can usually be detected by blood test for one to three days, by urine test for up to a week, and by hair follicle test for up to 90 days.?? How Long Meth Stays in Your System Addiction Methamphetamine is highly addictive and users become physically dependent upon the drug quickly.?? Meth, like amphetamine, produces a rapid pleasurable feeling, which is followed by feelings of depression and irritability when the drug wears off. Users will seek and use more methamphetamine in order to get back to that state of pleasure or to just feel normal again. This results in physical dependence on the drug and is a never-ending cycle for the majority of users until serious treatment is sought. Withdrawal Once you have decided to quit, detoxification is the first step. This process begins once you stop taking methamphetamine and continues until your system is free of it and has adjusted to being off the drug. Initial withdrawal symptoms usually begin within 24 hours of the last dose, peak after about 10 days, and may last 3 weeks or more.?? People often go through the detox and withdrawal process at home, but residential and outpatient treatment options are also available. If you decide to go through the process at home, make sure to inform your doctor and have a friend or loved one check in on you often. The withdrawal from a drug like meth is not easy and is filled with days or weeks of many symptoms. People who stop using methamphetamine experience irritability, depression, fearfulness, and loss of energy.?? Possibly the hardest withdrawal symptom to overcome, however, is the extreme craving for the drug. People withdrawing from methamphetamine can alternate from wanting to sleep all the time to not being able to sleep. Withdrawal symptoms can last for several weeks.?? What to Expect From Meth Withdrawal How to Get Help If you or a loved one is ready to quit using methamphetamine, there are resources available that can help. You can start by talking to your doctor who can then assess your current physical health, talk to you about the next steps, and refer you to treatment centers in your area. Long-term treatments typically utilize behavioral therapy approaches including contingency management (CM) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT).?? Contingency management allows people to earn vouchers for desired rewards in exchange for staying drug-free.Cognitive-behavioral therapy works to change harmful thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to drug use. This approach also teaches people new coping skills and strategies that can help them abstain from drug use in the future. There are a few medications that may be useful in the treatment of some patients with methamphetamine use such as naltrexone, modafinil, or bupropion. There is research ongoing around the potential use of anti-methamphetamine monoclonal antibodies.?? Other approaches that may be used include individual counseling, drug testing, support groups, and 12-step programs. You can also call SAMHSAs free national helpline at 1-800-662-4357 or use their online treatment locator to find treatment services available in your area.   Common Questions About Methamphetamine

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Essay about Professional Dress Code in the Workplace

Professional Dress Code in the Workplace Rosaura P Bernal EN 306 – Nadia H Morales Park University The first impression is a lasting impression whether it is at the office, a party, a lunch date or an interview. What you wear to these events can be either a positive impression or a negative one. That is why I think it is very necessary to have a professional dress code in the workplace if your place of employment is that of a professional setting such as a bank or even an insurance company. If the professionalism does not show on what the employees are wearing, how are their customers going to accept that they are professionals at what they do. The business could lose the credibility of how they handle their business. Nowadays,†¦show more content†¦The way an employee dresses up for work can impact on how a person perceives that employee. It can hold a positive or negative impact depending on where they work. You don’t expect to find a personal banker dressed in skinny jeans, a bright pink polo shirt, and tennis shoes. You expect for them to be wearing a s uit with a tie, polished shoes and be nicely groomed. By dressing in this fashion, you can see that the employee is committed to his job and place of employment and that they are responsible. By dressing otherwise, they would seem irresponsible and need their parent to dress them up. It also shows how they manage their time wisely. They took their time to iron their clothes and got them ready for the day. If not, they would look like they just crawled out of bed and had no time to get themselves ready. It also reflects on their organizational skills because they are able to tailor the look together and they get it ready for the start of their business day, which can also show how competent they are in getting themselves ready. The competence doesn’t stop there, it can also affect on how people see how competent they are at doing their job. If they are not capable of getting themselves dressed appropriately, how efficient are they at doing their job? It can also lead t o how serious they take their job. If they don’t care for how they dress to work, how serious areShow MoreRelatedDress Code And Dress Codes1565 Words   |  7 Pagescomes to dress code, every individual has a different viewpoint for its implementation. There are clothes that could be fashionable to one person but seen as offensive to another. A dress code can be justifiable when put into a situation that really does require certain attire to be worn. It gives a sense of formality and distinguishes an individual apart from a group. This report seeks to compare and contrast the characteristics of school dress codes with that of dress codes in the workplace. 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Then, I would let her know that it is not just me or others in the workplace that feel this way, but a large group of people who do. Then I would affirm with her that many of us struggle with communication issues and that I want to helpRe ad MoreProfessionalism At The Workplace Is A Key Component For Running A Successful Business885 Words   |  4 PagesProfessionalism in the Workplace Professionalism in the workplace is a crucial component for running a successful business. When you enter an establishment and the employees are well-dressed, informative, and provide excellent customer service, people leave satisfied and likely to return again in the future. Many factors contribute to professionalism such as following a dress code, being respectful, setting boundaries, and establishing trust. The first topic I would like to discuss is complyingRead MoreToday s Workplace Is Not The Most Important Thing Today943 Words   |  4 PagesRudeness in today’s workplace is hardly a new trend. With our generation today people seem to forget some of their manners. Employees in today’s work environment do not display proper work ethics. 11 out of every 25 employees in a survey said the level of professional respect at work has diminished over the last half-decade (â€Å"Workplace,† par. 1). In this society people believe that being respectful isn’t the most important thing in today’s world. 79 of 100 Americans claim that a loss of appreciationRead More How are nonverbal signals sent by casual dress in the workplace?1139 Words   |  5 Pagesby casual dress in the workplace? Business Communication Apr 11, 2005 How are nonverbal signals sent by casual dress in the workplace? The phenomenon of casual dress in the business place has come full circle. Many companies are now moving away from casual dress. Many business leaders have come to realize that the nonverbal signals sent by casual dress, conflict with the image the company is attempting to portray. A trend that was seeing more and more companies opting for casual dress, now hasRead MoreBusiness Casual Dress Code Of The Workplace1569 Words   |  7 PagesBusiness casual dress code in the workplace is becoming increasingly standard. The effect on job performance has not been made aware of whether casual dress has any effect at all. There are benefits to wearing casual clothing in the workplace, such as good morale, open communication between managers and employees, and a lack of cost to the employer (Gutierrez Freese, 1999, p. 35-36). It all depends on the companies you work for and what they consider as business casual or if they meet withRead More Appearance Essays1475 Words   |  6 Pagesb elieve, how we dress or present ourselves conveys who we are and how we may be, regardless of whether it is correct or not. Appearance can be equally important as knowledge in the field when it comes to the workplace. 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However, the reasons for why people get pierced have evolved into something somewhat different these daysRead MoreWhat Do Tattoos And Piercings Affect The Perception That Prospective Employers870 Words   |  4 Pages What does a professional Medical Assistant wear to work? How about to an interview? And how do tattoos and piercings affect the perception that prospective employers, fellow employees and patients form about an applicant? Manner of dress and personal appearance present a lasting first impression that can counterbalance an outstanding resume, and can make or break the chance to gain employment in the medical field. At Carrington College the dress code includes grey scrubs with the Carrington

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Informative Speech on Yoga Essay - 1347 Words

Informative Speech By:Amber Samworth Topic: Yoga General Purpose: To Inform. Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about yoga. Thesis Statement: I want my audience to be informed about what yoga is, its history, and why it has become so popular in recent years. Introduction I. (Open w/impact) According to Ann Pizer, a Yoga Alliance Certified Instructor, in an article last accessed on September 18th 2007, for Yoga.About.Com. â€Å"Yoga means â€Å"union† in Sanskrit, the language of Ancient India where yoga first originated. We can think of that union occurring between the mind, body, and spirit.† II. (Introduce topic) As you can see, yoga is an incredibly healthy practice. III. (Establish credibility) I have just recently†¦show more content†¦By the third period, the â€Å"Classical Period†, yoga becomes more structured. a. In the 2nd Century, Patan Jali attempts to define yoga in his â€Å"Yoga Sutra† which is an eightfold path of yoga. 4. The fourth and final period is referred to as the Post Classical period, which extends into present day. a. Yoga was first introduced to the west in the late 1800s as an eastern philosophy class that most universities offere d. b. Guru Swami Sivananda, a noted Malaysian Physician, modified Patan Jali’s 8 principles into just 5 that are still used today. Transition: It is believed that if you combine all five principles, you will be in tune physically, mentally, and spiritually. Now you can see why yoga has become so popular in our society. III. Many of the reasons why it has become so popular is because yoga is extremely beneficial to the body A. In an article on titled â€Å"The Benefits of Yoga for Stress Management†, last accessed on September 20th 2007; Elizabeth Scott M.S. says that the following ailments can be benefited by yoga. 1. Stress management. 2. Sound sleep. 3. Allergy symptom relief. 4. Lower blood pressure and heart rate. 5. Spiritual growth. 6. Sense of well being. 7. Increased strength and flexibility. 8. Slowed aging process, and these are just to name a few. B. Julie Stachowiak PhDShow MoreRelatedAutism Spectrum Disorder And The Childhood Autism Rating Scale Essay839 Words   |  4 Pagesother reasons that are unknown1. One well established diagnostic tool is the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) which is 15-point rating scale3 used to diagnose children with ASD and determine its severity2. Another less accredited, but still informative diagnostic to ol is the Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC)2 which differs from the CARS because it is a parent rater form of measurment2. ASD has no cure, but there have been studies that show behavioral outbursts can be reduced with theRead MoreThe New Black1322 Words   |  6 PagesThe speech I attended was a panel of women who had all previously been to prison. This panel was particularly interesting because these women were the inspiration for the television series Orange is the New Black. 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I had gone in believingRead MoreEffect of Television Research6869 Words   |  28 Pages(Chitracs, 2008) †¢ Globalization of Culture Television assisted in globalization of culture. Due to which people comes to know the culture of other people. Now Bhangra is not only famous in Punjab but in other parts of country also. Today, yoga is not only practices in India but in other nation also. It also helped in spreading the western culture in Indian society. All these facts facilitate in increasing tourism and in the growth of country’s economy. (Kumar, 2009) †¢ GroomingRead MoreUnit 4222-201 Introduction to Communication in Health, Social Care or Children’s and Young People’s Settings14457 Words   |  58 Pagesusing: Communication books, Handover with Colleagues, staff message book, Staff meetings, meetings with my Line Manager Etc. Effective communication is important as it ensures that information is: clear, concise, accurate, non-judgmental, and informative. This reduces the possibility of mistakes being made, and ensuring appropriate care service delivery. It is important to work as a team with your colleagues, so that you all work to achieve the same outcomes and targets. 1.3 Explain why it is importantRead MoreHsm 542 Week 12 Discussion Essay45410 Words   |  182 Pagesthat the staff have an professional development with working lunch. The working lunch would cut back on staff member not able because of child care or schooling. The working lunch would all me as the owner to bring in outside presentors to give informative data and the lastes technology or ethic laws to help the staff and protect the patient for the best health care at my local for success. The working lunch for workshops or training will be schedule  monthly and suggestion of what food choiceRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pagesmanagement textbook, it is important that you understand its distinctive learner-focused features especially the five-step learning model: Skill Assessment, Skill Learning, Skill Analysis, Skill Practice, and Skill Application. You’ll also find informative research on how much managers’ actions impact individual and organizational performance, and the characteristics of effective managers. †¢ Thoughtfully complete the Skill Assessment surveys in each chapter. These diagnostic tools are designed to

The Emergence of the Civil Rights Movement Free Essays

The Civil Rights Movement that began in 1950 was an attempt to address the state of inequality that had existed in Black and White America since the nation’s conception. The Movement began as a demand to get ‘payment’ on a promise too long delayed, as noted by the movement’s leader Martin Luther King Jr. , for Black equality, in his â€Å"Letter from a Birmingham Jail. We will write a custom essay sample on The Emergence of the Civil Rights Movement or any similar topic only for you Order Now † The early Civil Rights movement focused on integration as achieved through legal means such as in the ‘Brown v. Board of Education’ case. This case was successfully appealed to the Warren Court on behalf of Lisa Brown, a young Black student, and argued by Thurgood Marshall, who was later to sit on the bench as a Supreme Court Justice himself, after demanded integration in public education. (Cozzens, â€Å"Brown versus Board of Education,† 1998) The movement also was articulated through early acts of civil disobedience such as the attempt to protest the lynching of Emmett Till, a thirteen-year-old Northern boy lynched for murdering a White woman. Cozzens, â€Å"Emmett Till,† 1998) In assessing whether the goals of the movement were met, it must be noted that it would have been unthinkable in the 1950’s that a Black woman would be a Secretary of State, as is the case today, or could have won the Noble Prize like Toni Morrison. Martin Luther King Jr. is not only a respected figure, but gives his presence to a national holiday. Yet despite the gains of the previous decades, there still remains an economic and educational gap between Black America and White America that integration through legal or political demonstrations has not been able to heal. Lynching as a common practice has been brought to rest, perhaps, but tensions exist all over the nation between Black Americans and what is often an all-White police force. America appears more integrated today, and laws allow for some methods of historical redress like affirmative action. But the sense that this still remains inadequate, despite the successes of prominent African Americans on an individual level, has caused many Blacks today to study the more radical, or culturally focused members of the early movement, such as Malcolm X, and to question whether some form of cultural rehabilitation of Black culture is necessary to undo the still-lasting legacy discrimination has wrought. And finally, the example of the failed relief effort of Hurricane Katrina to the largely all Black residents whose neighborhoods were destroyed showed the nation how deep the poverty remains in the nation in many impoverished areas that are segregated in fact, if not in law. How to cite The Emergence of the Civil Rights Movement, Papers

Friday, April 24, 2020

Phytoremediation to clean up environmental spills free essay sample

The rise in contaminants in the environment after the industrial revolution has led to deposition of metals, organic compounds and metalloid in high amounts in the soil. Some of the major sources of these pollutants are mining, smelting, multilateral Industries, sewage sludge treatment, fertilizers, warfare and military training, electronic industries etc. (Badmouthing and Lie 2007). There are several ways to remedial the soil chemically, physically, or biologically. However, chemical and physical treatments may seem to affect the soil properties heavily, affect biodiversity, sake soil less fertile for plant growth and can be quiet expensive too. Phototypesetting is the most cost efficient method of remediation soil without any known side effects that could severely alter the ecosystem of the location (Ophthalmology and L 2007). Table Different factors and the cost of process to remedial solo Process cost (US $/ton) Factors in affect Beatification 75-425 Requires monitoring over longer periods Land Filling 100-500 Transportation and excavation of materials. We will write a custom essay sample on Phytoremediation to clean up environmental spills or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Long period monitoring. Chemical treatment I O-500 Disposal and recycling of contaminants Electronically 20-200 Monitoring over long periods Petrifaction 5_ 40 Disposal of biomass The process of using plants to remove pollutants from the environment or reduce them to harmless levels is called phototypesetting. Phototypesetting deals with clean-up of organic and Inorganic chemicals. There are four methods of phototypesetting that leads to decrease In pollutants: 1 . Rollerblading and photoengraving 1 OFF 3. Hospitalizing 4. Phytoplanktons, 5. Phytoplanktons. Reorganization and Photoengraving are the process of degradation and metallization of contaminants in the plants or in the soil, sediments, sludge, roundtable or surface water through enzymes produces and released by plants. Ere microorganisms located in the roots of the trees help in breakdown of organic contaminants into smaller inorganic products such as carbon dioxide and water and other products that are taken up by these microorganisms.As the roots grow bigger, the microbial population increases too leading to more intake and breakdown of contaminants (Third 2013). Petrifaction is removal of metals or organics from the soil by pollutant -accumulating plants by concentrating them in the harvested parts (Salt et al. 1998). Rationalization is the process of removing heavy metals from Neater using plant roots. These plants are hydroponics but grown terrestrially to remove toxic metals such as Cue+, CDC+, Cry+, NIH+, Pub+ and Zen+ from aqueous solutions (Duskiness et al. 1995).Phytoplanktons is the taking up on contaminants by plant roots especially metals and metalloid and as it travels to the leaves, it gets converted into gaseous form that evaporates through gas exchanges occurring between stomata of leaves and environment (Surest and Ravishing, 2004, Stator at al 2009). Phytoplanktons is the process of reducing availability of intimations. As most organic contaminants are allophonic, this attracts these compounds to hydrophobic surfaces on organic matter like humus, soil particle and plant cell wall components (Surest and Ravishing 2004).Development of the concept Phototypesetting is a fairly old concept as plants were used as farming progressed for beautification and remediation of soils that were either destroyed by natural calamities. Although, it was lost for 300 years, until treatment of wastewater was suggested to be treated by plants. The earliest plants used for phototypesetting Nerve Thalami curableness and Viola Calamari. Eventually, several plants were Identified that could be used for phototypesetting such as Straggles could accumulate 0. % selenium in dry shoot biomass and other plants that could tolerate and accumulate high concentrations of Co, Cue, Mn, Cd, N, Se and Zen. Tsunami 11980) and Chaney (1983) reintroduced the and developed the concept of using plants to extract metals from contaminated soil (Last 2000). Application One of the experiments concerned with testing of BP treatment by hydroponics 3. Jounce. These experiments were held in controlled environment where the roots of 3. Jounce were expose to BP concentration of 35-500 MGM/L Pub+ and grown hydroponics for 4 weeks.The amount of BP declined exponentially with time depending on the initial concentration of BP. It was observed that in the solution containing lowest BP concentration MGM/L, it took the root 42 miss to reduce the concentration by 50%, although in the extremity with solution containing highest amount of BP 500 MGM/L, it took the root about oh to reduce the concentration by 50%. It should be considered that small amount of root was immersed into the solution which can also factor into the reduction of contaminant over time. The more f larger root mass is used the reduction of contaminants could happen faster.Also in this experiment dry roots and live roots efficiency was tested, on an average the live roots were able to remove BP more effectively that dry roots (Descends 1995). Rhizomes biodegrading of petroleum hydrocarbons (PHs) was shows by researched of Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, it focused on diesel fuel contaminated site in Virginia, a site near Gulf of Mexico that was contaminated by crude oil. The test was done mainly to compare PHS degradation between vegetated areas compared to unevaluated area.Four plots were created of which 3 were agitated and treated while the other remained unevaluated control. The plants used for this site were Sorghum, annual regards and SST Augustine grass; the plots Nerve regularly fertilized to support the growth of indigenous micro flora on organics. Samples were regularly tested for total PHs. The testing period on Gulf Coast site Nas from August 1994- May 1995; the initial concentration of PHS varied and ranged 2000-20,000 pimp. By the end of May 1995 PHS concentration in the vegetated plots containing annual regards and SST Augustine had reduced by 50%. % reduction in PHs was observed in plot vegetated by Sorghum. Although only 25% reduction was observed in unevaluated plot (Flagman and Lana 1998). It had only been observed that hypothalamuss helped in remediation soil from heavy metals and organics, Jinni it was observed that sunflowers could remove radionuclides from pond that was contaminated in 1986 by Coherency nuclear accident. It was observed that rationalization was a successful method of treating uranium, cesium and strontium in groundwater.Experiments conducted in lab in Ohio to observe treatment of uranium wowed 95% decline in Uranium concentration (initial 100-EBPP) within ours of submergence of roots of sunflower plants in contaminated water in a mini ratio nalization system in a portable greenhouse (Coney 1996). Another successful application of phototypesetting was observed in Mary at US army testing facility here hybrid poplar trees were used in an area above shallow ground water plume polluted by organics from many toxic disposal pits. This was done to prevent spread of contaminants to nearby marsh, as the poplar trees act as hydraulic pumps.It was observed that after second growing season, the contaminated ground water plumes Nerve successfully contained with rates of 2-10 gallons of water per day for each tree. Rests done also proved that poplar trees were successful at degrading contaminants n the ground water plume (EPA 1998) Microbes in the roots of plants play a huge role in degradation of pollutants in the soil. One of the least spoken about goals of premeditation is destroying high levels of explosives in the soils by organisms around munitions sites. It was noticed that these microbes could thrive in labs andNerve successful in identifying nitrate explosives in the lab but did n ot survive in the field. The solution to this was genetic engineering; the ability of degradation was planted into the plants from microbes. These plants were successful and broke down the compounds into harmless components (DeWitt and Frederickson 1999). Although hyperactivity plants can withstand high concentration of toxicity, it is limited to certain extent and beyond the plant would not be able to survive. Unlike, other highly product plants, the potential of biomass is reduced by a considerable amountNinth hypothalamuss as they are slow growing plants and produce little biomass. Environment. This limitation has been improved by a proposed idea of transferring degradation abilities from hypothalamuss to plants that produce high amount of biomass (Last 2000). Genetically engineering plants to be acceptable for phototypesetting or to adapt to conditions in order to remedial the soil is a very controversial topic. There are various factors that make it worthy of doubt. Phototypesetting without genetic engineering may be more acceptable than genetically engineered plants due to arioso risks involved.Agricultural biotechnology has brought various advantages and risks along with its revolution. The most common risk is introducing something foreign in the environment and spread of more contaminants. These plants could also compete with native vegetation and wildlife, hence, affecting the biodiversity. The transformation of contaminants into other molecules that maybe even more harmful and potentially pose the risk of making the soil barren (Wolfe 2002). Over the decades several alternative have been considered for remediation of soil that maybe efficient and cost-effective.About 400 plant species have been identified as hypothalamuss. However, these plants can only to be used to remedial low- medium amounts of pollutants in soil. Another possibility considered, is to alter soil condition to increase accumulation and use normal plants to stabilize metals. One of the manipulations of soil is by adding escalate such as EDIT for lead, GATE for cadmium and citrate for uranium. This increases the surrounding soil solution levels of heavy metals by greater than 1000 times and this makes it easier for normal plants to uptake the metals.